When taking such a long trip, it is essential to know the hygiene and health conditions of the destination country. Therefore, in these lines, we will tell you everything you need to know about health in Jordan: hospitals, vaccines, potential risks during the tour, useful tips, etc.
Jordan is a very safe country in terms of health: there are no declared health alerts related to contagious or high-risk diseases. Therefore, the current (as of September 2022) vaccination recommendations are reasonable and common sense. The following is the list of vaccines developed by the Spanish Association of Vaccinology:
The overall level of hospitals and health centers in Jordan is good, especially in big cities and particularly in the capital, Amman. Private centers are usually better equipped with good resources and professionals, often trained abroad and fluent in English. This is also true for dentists. Pharmacies are generally well-stocked with medications and distributed throughout the population, with sufficient presence in tourist areas, so their workers also speak some English.
Yes. In fact, it is mandatory due to the Covid-19 pandemic. In any case, even if it were not mandatory, it is highly recommended to have your back covered in case of an emergency. The most useful and basic coverages are payment to local professionals (either through exemption or reimbursement upon return from the trip) as well as repatriation treatments or services.
Some factors such as climate, local fauna or hygiene levels in certain places can pose potential health risks in Jordan. They are not alarming, but it is advisable to be aware of them in order to act with caution, as we explain in the section on Tips.
As we mentioned on the climate page, heat is one of the environmental factors to take into account during your trip. In summer, it conditions everything, so you must equip yourself adequately to combat it. The main problems that heat can trigger are exhaustion, dizziness, dehydration and, in the worst case, heat stroke, which involves a malfunction of the body’s own thermoregulation system: body temperature increases excessively, causing loss of consciousness or even death.
Related to the heat is also sunstroke, which is extreme in desert areas and during the summer season. It can catalyze the aforementioned problems and can also cause skin burns, vomiting, headaches, and eye pain, among others.
In general, tap water quality is acceptable in tourist frequented areas, and even in certain areas in the south, as it comes directly from natural springs. However, sensitive stomachs may notice and experience the change in water, which in some cases may result in diarrhea.
Another health risk in Jordan is insects, especially mosquitoes, which can appear at night, for example, in Bedouin tents in the desert. In the vast majority of cases, these unwelcome travel companions can cause annoying bites, but not the transmission of diseases. On the other hand, the itching sensation can be even greater and annoying if you encounter bedbugs, which can inhabit the beds of the most humble (and less concerned with hygiene) accommodations.
More respect should be given to certain exotic animals because they pose a greater health risk. In Jordan, there are snakes, some of them poisonous, such as the Atractaspis engaddensis, also known in English as the Israel Mole Viper. In case of a bite, there will be pain and swelling, and it is recommended to immobilize and bandage the affected area and then seek medical attention.
On the other hand, scorpions can also appear in certain areas, such as Little Petra. It is the species Leiurus quinquestriatus, also known as the yellow scorpion or Palestinian yellow scorpion, and its bites will also cause intense pain, although its venom is not lethal, except in vulnerable people, such as those with heart problems or allergies.
Here is a list of some useful tips for taking care of your health in Jordan: